Born in Shanghai on August 2, 1944, he is a satellite meteorologist, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, and professor of Lanzhou University.
In August 1965, after graduation, he worked in the Institute of Atmospheric Science of the Central Meteorological Bureau Long-term Forecast Research Office (to October 1969).
In November 1969, he worked in Jiangxi Wuqi Cadre School of the Central Meteorological Bureau (to May 1971).
In June 1971, he worked in the Central Meteorological Observatory (to October 1983).
In June 1980, he went to the University of Colorado to study atmospheric sciences as a visiting scholar (until June 1982).
In October 1983, he served as the Deputy Director of the National Meteorological Centre (until March 1986).In November, he joined the Communist Party of China.
In March 1986, he served as the director and Chief Engineer of the National Satellite Meteorological Centre (until October 1996).In 1987, he presided over the real-time forest fire monitoring service during the Greater Hinggan Mountains forest fire in northeast China.
In the summer of 1991, severe flood disaster occurred in the Jianghuai River basin. He proposed to monitor the flood with meteorological satellite data objectively and effectively.
In October 1996, he served as chief engineer of the National Satellite Meteorological Center (until March 2010).
In 1997, he was elected as an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, belonging to the Ministry of Environment and Textile Engineering (Applied Meteorology) .
In June 2012, he won the 9th Guanghua Engineering Science and Technology Award.
Academician Xu Jianmin was responsible for organizing the project design, technical coordination, organization in in the FY-1 (polar orbit) and FY-2 (stationary) application system engineering construction. He led the team to solve the high precision positioning problem in FY-2 cloud pictures , make the FY-2 image positioning accuracy reached the pixel level. Fully realized real-time, full-automatic, high-precision, and contributed to the application of FY-2 satellite observation data